A new state-of-the-art receiver for Yebes Observatory's 40-metre radio telescope

Published on 22 February 2022
Cx Receiver Yebes


The Yebes Observatory (Spain) - managed by JIVE/EVN Partner Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN) - Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana (MITMA) - completed the design, implementation and installation of a new broadband receiver for its 40-m diameter radio telescope. The receiver is sensitive in the 4.5 to 9 GHz frequency range, and replaces two older, frequency-limited receivers in C-band (5 and 6 GHz) and X-band (8 GHz), allowing simultaneous observation in these two bands and in additional, previously unavailable frequencies.

For the EVN, the contribution of the new receiver from the Yebes Observatory is an important step in adapting the network to the scientific challenges of the next decade. The EVN is currently being upgraded to work in collaboration with the next generation of radio telescopes, such as the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), and other large-scale telescopes such as the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), which will operate in the optical and infrared range, or the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), which will detect gamma rays.

The use of low-noise receivers with large instantaneous bandwidths, such as the one in question, will make it possible to quadruple the sensitivity of the EVN observations, and to carry out complete spectral and polarisation studies of the emission from the radio sources. These technical improvements will ensure that the EVN will continue to make valuable contributions in the multi-messenger landscape of the new astrophysics.

On 16 December 2021, the new Yebes CX-band receiver was successfully tested in an interferometry observation thanks to the participation of the Effelsberg (Germany), Medicina (Italy), Westerbork (Netherlands), Noto (italy) and Onsala (Sweden) radio telescopes, all members of the EVN, under the coordination of JIVE, the correlation and analysis centre of the network, which obtained and analysed the results during the observation.

Cx Receiver
Demonstration of interferometric fringes at the three usual observing frequencies of the EVN network: 5, 6 and 8 GHz. In all frequencies the most intense detection is recorded between the Yebes 40 m radio telescope and the Effelsberg 100 m radio telescope demonstrating the importance of the participation of the Yebes antenna in the European network. Credit: Yebes Observatory.

Information originally published on RadioNet website.

Background Information

The Yebes Observatory belongs to the Spanish Ministry of Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana, is part of the General Directorate of the National Geographic Institute (IGN) and constitutes its Technological Development Centre. It is located in the province of Guadalajara, about 80 km east of Madrid, in a natural environment at 1000 metres altitude with typical weather conditions of the interior of the peninsula. The Yebes Observatory runs two radio telescopes, 40- and 13.2- metres diameter.

The European VLBI Network (EVN) is an interferometric array of radio telescopes spread throughout Europe, Asia, South Africa and the Americas that conducts unique, high-resolution, radio astronomical observations of cosmic radio sources. Established in 1980, the EVN has grown into the most sensitive VLBI array in the world, including over 20 individual telescopes, among them some of the world's largest and most sensitive radio telescopes. The EVN is composed of 13 Full Member Institutes and 5 Associated Member Institutes.

The Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE) has as its primary mission to operate and develop the EVN data processor, a powerful supercomputer that combines the signals from radio telescopes located across the planet. Founded in 1993, JIVE is since 2015 a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) with seven member countries: France, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Spain and Sweden; additional support is received from partner institutes in China, Germany and South Africa. JIVE is hosted at the offices of the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON) in the Netherlands.

Main Image

CX band receiver picture showing the different components at the radio frequency stage: phase-corrected conical corrugated horn and cryostat containing the orthomode transducer, 3dB and 90 degrees hybrid circuits and the low noise InP HEMT type amplifiers. The receiver is equipped with gain and phase calibration signals. All these receiver components, as well as the cryostat for its cooling, have been designed, manufactured and characterised at the Yebes Observatory. Credit: Yebes Observatory.


Cristina García Miró
VLBI Support Astronomer
Yebes Observatory - Observatorio Astronómico Nacional

Jorge Rivero González
JIVE Science Communications Officer
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE)